The PEDIGREE of
First Speaker of Proto-Germanic
(details of Scandinavian prehistory are murky: perhaps Pitted Ware was pre-Germanic, with Germanic a branch of Corded Ware)
Note: Since adjacent dialects may co-evolve for centuries, a discrete tree model is often inappropriate. There are three ways to form 2/1 clades of a 3-way branching like Common Germanic and all three (North+West = Northwest, North+East = Northeast and West+East = South) have been proposed!
External page: My own explanation of why Gimbutas' theory of Indo-European origin must be true.
Note: Germanic is shown with two parents because it is a hybrid of two northern I-E dialects, one each from Centum and Satem groups. Such hybrids may be unusual, but can arise when the two dialects are mutually intelligible (or nearly so). (Germanic is something of a mystery for I-E specialists; the conclusion that it is a hybrid results from recent work by Prof. Ringe.)
First Speaker of Early Common Germanic
First Speaker of Gothic
; First Speaker of Suevic
; Woman of OKSYWIE CULTURE
; First Speaker of Old Low Germanic
; First Speaker of Northern Old English
; First Speaker of West Scandinavian
; First Speaker of East Scandinavian
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FabPed Genealogy Vers. 100 © Jamie, 1997-2020